12. The geographic grid apportions the globe into hemispheres of 180 lines of longitude. Based on your knowledge of basic geometry, what portion of a sphere does 180 degrees equal? __________________ The grid also defines so-called "central meridians" centered on every 15 degrees of longitude. How many central meridians would there be for a complete sphere? ________________________ Compare this answer to the number of hours in a day. How does it compare?

Accepted Solution

Answer:For the first question, 180 degrees equals to a half of the sphere. For the second question, you need 24 central meridians for a complete sphere, which are exactly the hours in a day.Step-by-step explanation:A sphere is basically a 3D circle. As a circle has 360 degrees, 180 degrees would be half of a circle. Imagine you are on a satellite over the north pole or the south pole and you have a way to cut the earth by the middle. You will get two halves of sphere.About the second question, you may need to have in mind that a day is the time spent for the earth to rotate all 360 degrees over its own axis. British fellow, on XIX century, decided they were the center of the world. As previously, back in the days, some other people decided a day had 24 hours, they decided to draw this lines and divide the earth in 24 pieces, so they could knew which time was on every point their extense kingdom had.  As I said, a circle has 360 degrees, (360 degrees)/(24 hours) equals to 15 degrees.